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Allow for capturing obscured windows

See original GitHub issue

General information:

  • OS name: Windows
  • OS version: 10
  • OS architecture: 64 bits
  • Resolutions:
    • Monitor 1: 1920x1080
    • Monitor 2: 1920x1080
  • Python version: 3.8.3
  • MSS version: 6.0.0

Description of the warning/error

This is not related to an error message. This has to do with capturing obscured windows.

Other details

In order to capture an obscured window, a library I have been using in AHK which also uses dll capture has figured out how to do it. I understand that this is not written in python or c, but this code may be an assistance in understanding the steps he has done in order to utilize the GetDCEx call.

Essentially he does what seems to be two captures, which is not ideal, but it works. I was hoping that it would be possible to collaborate on implementing this feature into your library, or if you would rather use this code as a starting point:

Bind Window function to set and remember the window

Some of the code here is not really necessary. Mostly it is just having a static value saved in the class which can be assigned to a window handle. When performing further screenshots, this handle will be used the get the DC instead of the screen.

BindWindow(window_id:=0, set_exstyle:=0, get:=0)
  static id, old, Ptr:=A_PtrSize ? "UPtr" : "UInt"
  if (get)
    return, id
  if (window_id)
    id:=window_id, old:=0
    if (set_exstyle)
      WinGet, old, ExStyle, ahk_id %id%
      WinSet, Transparent, 255, ahk_id %id%
      Loop, 30
      Sleep, 100
      WinGet, i, Transparent, ahk_id %id%
      Until (i=255)
    if (old)
      WinSet, ExStyle, %old%, ahk_id %id%
Capturing the screenshot, determining if a window handle is present and using that instead
if (hBM) and !(w<1 or h<1)
  win:=DllCall("GetDesktopWindow", Ptr)
  hDC:=DllCall("GetWindowDC", Ptr,win, Ptr)
  mDC:=DllCall("CreateCompatibleDC", Ptr,hDC, Ptr)
  oBM:=DllCall("SelectObject", Ptr,mDC, Ptr,hBM, Ptr)
    , Ptr,hDC, "int",x, "int",y, "uint",0x00CC0020) ; |0x40000000)
  DllCall("ReleaseDC", Ptr,win, Ptr,hDC)
  if (id:=BindWindow(0,0,1))
    WinGet, id, ID, ahk_id %id%
  if (id)
    WinGetPos, wx, wy, ww, wh, ahk_id %id%
    left:=x, right:=x+w-1, up:=y, down:=y+h-1
    left:=left<wx ? wx:left, right:=right>wx+ww-1 ? wx+ww-1:right
    up:=up<wy ? wy:up, down:=down>wy+wh-1 ? wy+wh-1:down
    x:=left, y:=up, w:=right-left+1, h:=down-up+1
  if (id) and !(w<1 or h<1)
    hDC2:=DllCall("GetDCEx", Ptr,id, Ptr,0, "int",3, Ptr)
    , Ptr,hDC2, "int",x-wx, "int",y-wy, "uint",0x00CC0020) ; |0x40000000)
    DllCall("ReleaseDC", Ptr,id, Ptr,hDC2)
  DllCall("SelectObject", Ptr,mDC, Ptr,oBM)
  DllCall("DeleteDC", Ptr,mDC)

Issue Analytics

  • State:open
  • Created 3 years ago
  • Comments:9 (4 by maintainers)

github_iconTop GitHub Comments

TrInsanitycommented, Aug 16, 2020

This is definitely possible to achieve, just by changing the following line of _get_srcdc within

        srcdc = MSS._srcdc_dict[cur_thread] = self.user32.GetWindowDC(0)

0 sets it to “fullscreen”, but you can capture a specific window by passing in it’s HWND.

In addition, you can change self.user32.GetWindowDC to self.user32.GetDC, which gets purely the client area of the window. See here for the difference.

I’ve hacked together a version that works for my purposes, with minimal modification, however it’s probably not suitable for a pull request (I pass in the HWND when initialising mss).

This also would solve #158 , however this would be a Windows only solution.

BanditTechcommented, Nov 22, 2020

any update on this? 😃

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